Get Started Today In Raising Cattle and Pigs in Your Livestock Ranch

So you want to be a livestock farmer? Do you have what it takes to be a livestock farmer? There’s a lot involved in becoming a successful livestock farmer. Dedication is the first and investing in the second. You have to be prepared to work everyday as a livestock farmer and you have to be prepared to spend some money.

But don’t worry because it will all pay out in the end. There’s lot of profits to be made from livestock farming. In this article we going to cover how to raise cattle and pigs in your livestock farm.

Cattle:

When starting out in livestock farming it is important that you possess a very apparent goal to want to achieve from your project. You have to be prepared to spend some money in buying your cattle, and the equipment used in managing your cattle and cattle feed.

Choosing a cattle breed is a must do before you start buying your cattle. There are cattle breeds that are good for milk production and some that can good for meat production. When it comes to feeding it’s best to choose grass-fed cattle because it’s cost effective, grass can easily be grown. And cattle that are grass-fed produce quality milk and meat.

You also have to build some shelter for your cattle. The more cattle you have the larger the shelter has to be because you don’t want your cattle to crowd themselves. Also make sure you get a vet to come check on your cattle to make sure they are getting the right nutrients and are disease free.

Pigs:

When raising pigs you first have to build a well-ventilated pen for them. The pig pen can be built from hog wire and hay to keep the pigs warm and make sure you replace the hay every once in a while to keep the pen clean. The pig pen should be surrounded by a fence so to protect the pigs from predators that can eat them.

It is important that you choose the right pig breed. Choosing the right pig breed will almost insure that you produce quality meat. A reputable pig breeder can be found from auctions and you can ask other pig farmers on who they recommend as a good pig breeder. Also search on yellow pages and farm magazines for breeders.

Your pigs should be feed at list twice a day. Supply your pigs with a healthy diet so they grow stronger and produce the best quality meat. Also make sure you give them enough water to help them digest the food.

Farm Livestock Safety Tips

More injuries are caused each year by farm livestock than by tractors or farm machinery. Poor judgement or complacency around the animals are some of the most common reasons for farm accidents, and because animals’ senses are very different to our own, it’s important to remember that you need to approach animals with caution and acknowledge their very different needs when caring for them. Follow these farm livestock safety tips when dealing with livestock to minimize your risk of having an accident or catching a disease.

• Try to develop a routine with the animals. Animals of all kinds respond well to a set routine, waking up, fed, herded and put in for the night at the same time each day. If you need to change the routine, do so gradually so as not to disorient the animals.

• Approach all animals with caution. Most animals cannot see particularly well through their peripheral vision in the same way that humans can, so if you approach an animal from the back, you might spook them. Approach from the front or from the front side of the animal so that they are aware of your approach.

• Animals have difficulty with depth and colour perception. They might also be sensitive to changes between light and dark. Shining a touch in their eyes whilst you’re dealing them during the night could well spook them. Try to set up a routine that enables them to move from light to dark slowly, or set up lights in barns so that the contrast between day and night isn’t so great. Make it easy for the animals and they’ll make it easier for you.

• Be careful not to startle the animal. Animals are sensitive to many things, light and noise in particular, so it’s important that you approach carefully and quietly and speak to the animal in low and soothing tones.

• Think about employing the services of farm animal vets. They can manage your livestock, doing everything from controlling nutrition to evaluating animals for lameness. This could take some of the pressure off of managing the animals which should mean that you’re more relaxed around the animals that you do take care of.

• Give yourself a way out. Ensure that there is no way for you to be pinned up a fence or against a wall by a startled animal and make sure that there is always room for you to get out.

• Always be extra cautious around male animals, particularly bulls. Half of fatalities are caused by bulls despite the fact that only 2% of the cattle population are bulls.

• Scatter feed in large patches and differ the pattern from day to day to avoid territorial issues. Instead of scattering in one large patch, scatter the feed across the feeding area in a number of different locations so that stronger, older animals do not start getting territorial.

• Never become complacent. Animals that usually have good temperaments could change in an instant and vice versa, so always use caution around every animal, even those that appear to have mild temperaments.

How a Beginner Livestock Farmer Can Raise Pigs and Rabbits in His Ranch

As a beginner livestock farmer you may not know how to go about in raising various types of livestock. Livestock vary in many ways, there’s some livestock that need you to invest a lot of money when starting out and others need more care and management then others.

Two types of livestock every beginner livestock farmer can raise are pigs and rabbits. They don’t require that much of investing and are easily to manage.

Pigs:

Before start out in raising pigs you should enquire with your local agency to make sure you are allowed to raise pigs in your area of residence. Sometimes you may have to get a permit to raise pigs.

Next thing to do is decide the number of pigs you want to raise. This can also to be determined by the amount of space you have to raise your pigs. The housing area can be 50 square feet and if there is an exercise area it can be 100 square feet.
With that being said when starting out in raising pigs its a good idea to start out with one pig, then once you get the hang of it then add some more pigs.

Raising pigs especially for commercial purposes requires you to provide them with plenty of nutrients. Food that has a lot of nutrients for pigs is pellets or mash. But make sure you don’t over feed them because that will just make them produce more fat. Give your pigs plenty of water to drink and their house should be kept clean as well.

Rabbits:

Raising rabbits is quiet a straight forward process. Rabbits easily bred, easy to clean, easy to feed and care for. When raising rabbits it is a must to learn about their behaviors. Learning how they behave in certain situations will let you know when they are sick, happy, want to mate or even worse want to kick you.

You also have to build a rabbit house. The house should be big enough for the rabbit to hop around and exercise. The house can have two sections, one that is open for summer times and one that is closed for winter.

They have to be feed on daily bases. Rabbits can be feed pellet and fresh vegetables. Don’t forget to give them some water as well. When giving them water you should put the container outside the rabbit house so that they don’t trip over the container.