The Types of Livestock Suitable For Beginner Farmers

A number of people who live in the city make a decision to leave the city life that they grew up knowing and move to the country side to start a new chapter of their lives as agriculture or livestock farmers.

Living in the country side is not as bad as some people would think. Obvious the conditions you will be living in will be different from the ones you are used to, but with time you will begin to get used to this way of living which is very refreshing because you living far away from the busy city life.

When moving to the country side you will have to get some large land especially if you want to raise various types of livestock. The land has to be fertile and have some reliable source of water. Raising livestock requires green land because livestock that is raise on green pasture is healthier than livestock raised on factory produced feed. The produce too tastes a lot better and sells for a higher price on the markets.

Raising livestock requires you to be dedicated and have time to look after your livestock. They need you to care for them by feeding and giving them enough clean water every day. You also have to build them some shelter and have a veterinarian to come check on them every once in a while.

As a beginner livestock farmer you may not know what type of livestock you can raise on your farm. Some type of livestock requires more care than others and may not be suitable for beginner farmers. But there’s no need to worry about that because below you are going to get guidelines on the type of livestock you can start raising as a beginner and how to raise them the healthy way.

Raise Chickens:

Chickens are the first type of livestock suitable for the beginner farmer, they are easy to manage, eat less food and can be slaughtered easily than most livestock. These birds can be raised to feed your family with fresh eggs and meat. But you can also raise them to sell to the ever growing market demand.

Raising chickens requires you to check on them on daily bases since you have to feed and give them clean water. They should be provided with nourishing corn and healthy organic chicken fed bought from your local farmer’s store.

One wonderful things about chickens is that they can even eat your left over’s and pests found in your garden. And as they are busy in your garden their ‘waste’ which is rich is good for fertilizing your garden or lawn.

Proper housing is also very important for your chickens. A chicken coop will offer some shelter for the birds when the temperatures are too cold or hot. It will also protect your birds from predators such as hawks, cats and dogs that can harm them. The coop should be large enough to accommodate all of your chickens. The chickens should be able to rest and lay their eggs without over crowding each other.

The inside of the chicken coop should be kept clean so to discourage the development of germs that can infect your birds. To do this you can sweep and mop the floor at list once a week, the chicken manure can be put as a heap on the side of the coop to be used as compost for your garden or lawn. And at list twice a year the entire coop should be sterilized so that it doesn’t become infested with lice.

Raise Ducks:

Besides raising chickens another type of bird you can raise are ducks. To raise ducks is not done by a lot of farmers and main reason being that they think ducks require a lot to manage than chickens. The matter of fact is ducks can be easily raised just like chickens.

Ducks can be raised for fresh eggs and meat. Their eggs contain more calcium, vitamins and iron than the ones produced by chickens. Duck meat taste great and sells at a higher price than that of chicken. Besides all these benefits they are natural adorable creatures that will be of interest to your kids.

When raising ducks you have to first make up your mind on what type of breed you want, the type you choose will be determined by your reason to raising the ducks. There are ducks that are great for egg production such as the Peking Duck. On the other hand ducks that are good for meat production are the Khaki Campbell Duck. If you thinking of simply raising them as pets then you will want to raise the Call Duck,

Ducks just like chickens consume less food than most livestock. They can be feed crumbles, pellets and non medicated duck mash. To supplement these foods you can give them vegetable greens and allow them to graze the field to eat insects, snails and worms which contain lots of nutrients. And since they have no teeth to chew the food they need enough clean water to wash the food down so make it a point to supply them with fresh water.

Shelter has to be built to house these birds. Duck shelter does not have to be fancy as a chicken coop but it should provide the same benefits such as cover from extreme weather and protection from predators. The floor of the housing should be kept dry and to do this it can be made from bamboo sticks so that the wetness can be absorbed by the bamboo. It also wouldn’t be a bad idea to have a near by pond so the ducks can swim to enjoy and cool themselves down.

Raise Rabbits:

Another type of livestock that is suitable for a beginner farmer is rabbits. This type of livestock is easy to feed, easy to clean and breed. Some farmers think that raising this animal is tricky when in actual fact its not and can easily be done by even a beginner farmer.

Raising rabbits is quiet different from raising chickens or ducks. Rabbits eat different type of food and behave in a different way, the only thing related is that they don’t require lots of land to raise. Since they are quiet animals it’s essential that a farmer knows how to read their body language to tell if they are happy or sick. Get to know how they behave when they are sick so you can attend them and give them the right treatment.

You should also feed your bunny everyday with nutritious food that can be bought from your livestock store. The feed sold from stores usually has a lot of the nutrients needed for a healthy rabbit so there’s no need to worry about feeding them a well balanced diet. But that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t feed them some fresh green vegetables and fruits. One vegetable we all know is liked by rabbits is carrots, so make sure you have them in your menu.

Housing rabbits doesn’t require lots of land. To house rabbits you should build or buy several hutches with each rabbit occupying a single hutch. The hutch should be large enough to allow the bunny to hop around and be warm at night or winter. If the hutch is located in a well fenced area you can make some opening for the bunny to go through and play outside.

As you see becoming a livestock farmer can be easily done even if you’ve grown up in the city and are new to country living. You just have to know which type of livestock you can raise which won’t be difficult to manage. The three types of livestock discussed above can get you started in becoming a successful livestock farmer even as a complete beginner.

Medical Waste Management – Main Features and Approaches

Medical waste refers to the hazardous waste material generated as a result of healthcare activities. This waste remains an issue both for public health and the environment. The management of the same is a technique adopted in hospitals to reduce the squander generated and find ways to recycle this material in order to lower the disposal costs and new material expenses.

The main features and approaches of Medical Waste Management are:

1. All forms of medical dissipate left after the performance of healthcare activities should be treated before being disposed.

2. Medical squanders include bio-hazardous and sharp materials like needles, syringes generated as a result of:
• Diagnosis
• Treatment
• Production or testing of biological
• Immunization

3. Medical waste should not be confused with:
• Medical solid elements like paper towels, cotton as they are not bio-hazardous.
• Household waste
• The excretes generated from livestock management on farms
• The squander generated in food processing which does not contain blood, infectious agents or blood products.

4. There are certain methods approved for the management of medical dissipate. They include:
• Steam sterilization
• Microwave technology
• Incineration
• Generators

It has become necessary to manage medical squanders since exposure to these infectious agents or bio hazardous materials can lead to causing diseases. The process for handling sharps is reusable sharps containers. These containers are taken to a permitted medical waste transfer station or off-site treatment facility for processing. These containers can reduce the medical squander stream by removing the weight of the single-use container.

A medical waste may be discharged without treatment to a public sewage system if it is not bio hazardous material. It can be liquid or semi liquid but should not contain any hazardous gases, infectious agents, blood or blood products. The liquid may be treated by a chemical disinfection process before being discharged in case it contains bio hazardous waste material.

How to Raise Livestock: Discover the Two Types of Livestock a Beginner Farmer Can Raise

As a beginner livestock farmer you may find it difficult to choose which type of livestock you can start raising in your farm.

Before you get started in livestock farming you have know what kind of resources you have available. Do you have the finances, equipment and land? Knowing what you have will help you be more prepared.

The next step is to choose the type of livestock you want to raise, this can be determined by the amount of money you are willing to invest and size of your land. If you’re not sure on what type of livestock you want to raise below are details of two kinds of livestock you might consider raising.

Ducks:

The number of people raising ducks is on the raise with an estimate of over 21 million ducks being raised in the United States each year. When starting out in raising ducks you should choose a breed you want to raise. For example for ornamental purposes you can raise Call ducks and for egg laying you can raise Khaki Campbell ducks.

One must have equipment for raising ducks is a brooder which is used to raise baby ducks. And a duck coop is a must because this is where your ducks will call home. A duck coop is where your ducks will get some shelter and lay their eggs.
You can build your duck coop from wood shavings and straws. Just make sure your duck coop is kept dry so bacteria doesn’t form.

To care for your ducks you have to make sure they are proper fed and are warm when temperatures drop. Ducks can be feed pellets and leftover foods. Pellets will provide your ducks with the nutrients they need to stay healthy. Also try to build an artificial pond where your ducks can swim and enjoy themselves.

Rabbits:

Raising rabbits can be fun and interesting but just like every other animal they need care and have to be managed well. So before you buy a rabbit you should learn as much as you can on how to keep them. Rabbits require attention, interaction and love.

There are all sorts of rabbits, small rabbits that can be raised in small apartments and large rabbits that can be suitable for large apartments. They also like running around so you should make sure you have enough space for them to do that.

If you’re going to raise rabbits outdoors then make sure you provide them with comfortable and protective shelter. Their houses can be made from steel cages with water proof roofing.

And since rabbits are vegetarians you can feed them with carrots and other delicious vegetables. But in order for them to grow stronger and become healthier you should feed them rabbit pellets. Don’t forget to give them clean water and clean their cage every once in a while.